Manica rubida (Latreille, 1802) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) – druh na Českomoravské vrchovině vzácný
Manica rubida (Latreille, 1802) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) – a species rare in the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands
Klára Bezděčková, Pavel Bezděčka: Muzeum Vysočiny Jihlava, Masarykovo náměstí 55, CZ–586 01, Jihlava, e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: Manica rubida (Latreille, 1802) is the only European representative of its genus. It is primarily a mountainous ant species distributed in Europe, Asia Minor and the Caucasus. In the Czech Republic, it occurs mainly in the border mountains and also at some other localities of higher altitude, climatic inversion or anthropogenic origin. However, in its central part, in the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands, it has been rarely found, although there are a number of seemingly suitable sites. Here we summarize information on M. rubida in the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands obtained from available sources and supplement it with data from our own research. The occurrence of the species in this region in relation to its distribution in the Czech Republic is discussed. In total, we only collected nine records concerning M. rubida. Given the fact that relatively intensive myrmecological surveys of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands have been performed since the 1930s, it seems unlikely that such a conspicuous ant would have been greatly overlooked. The low number of records probably reflects the true rarity of M. rubida in this area. The reasons are not entirely clear, as this species is relatively common in habitats with comparable conditions in particular parts of the Czech Republic. To understand the distribution pattern of M. rubida, it will be necessary to continue collecting data on the occurrence of this species and also to study its ecological demands population dynamics, relationships with other ant species and related phenomena in detail.
Key words: Manica rubida, Formicidae, Hymenoptera, ant fauna, mountainous species, zoogeography, Czech Republic
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